Gold and silver watches, rings, bracelets, necklaces, pendants and much much more….
I now have under 30 different Versace watches on my website, http://www.goldsher-jewellery.co.uk
Click here to view the Versace watches.
This includes the following Vanity Purple watch:
Click here to see the page with full details of the watch.
– Jahan Choudhry
I am selling ladies watch on my jewellery site now, http://www.goldsher-jewellery.co.uk
So today’s featured item is a ladies sports watch which consists of white rose gold.
Click on here to see more details.
We are on facebook now!
– Jahan Choudhry
In the previous three blogs I have spoken about the history of gold and its use for different purposes. Of course one of the key and most fundamental uses of currency in addition to being used for jewellery is money.
Now what I want to focus on who first used gold for monetary purposes.
Nobody knows for sure.
It has traditionally been said a group of people known as the Lydians around 2,600 years ago. In particular the name of one King Croesus has frequently been mentioned and a “coin” during his reign.
“Coin” during the time of King Croesus.
The Lydians were a people that lived in a part of what is now the modern day republic of Turkey. Being an Indo-European race they were distant cousins of the ancient Greeks and of course most other Europeans.
The capital of this kingdom was Sardis now in western Turkey where even today you can go to see the ruins of this once powerful civilization and race.
Ruins on the site of what was once the city of Sardis in the Manisa district of Turkey, in addition to Lydian ruins there are Roman ruins in the area too.
Anyway it is said that when the Lydian ruler, King Croesus, was defeated by the Persians and captured by them the Persians, a regional superpower at that time decided to use gold for their coins.
An Athenian vase showing an image of King Croesus.
Howevers some dispute whether the Lydian “coins” were in fact coins for monetary purposes rather than being coins for commemorative and ceremonial purposes. None of these Lydian “coins” contain any writing or any symbol to signify the Lydian state, but in fact contain images of animals, a brooch belonging to King Croesus was also carved in the shape of an animal, a sea horse.
A brooch in the form of a sea horse belonging to the Lydian monarch, King Croesus.
However no one can say for sure that the “coins” found in what was one the kingdom of Lydia are indeed gold coins used as money. In addition to the Lydians in what is now Turkey the ancient Chinese too used gold coins it is estimated at around 2,500 years ago, called the “Ying Yuan” coins.
The ancient Indians did too.
Some of the other famous ancient civilizations that did not use gold include the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians: It is said the Egyptians used barter as well as grain and jewellery, including gold, later on in their history. As for the ancient Babylonians their currency was the “shekel” which was mainly silver coins.
So no one can be sure who first used gold coins for money. It may have been one of the Greek kingdoms close to Lydia or another ancient civilization whose coins we have not discovered yet. However the first ancient civilization to indisputably use gold coins are the ancient Chinese and to be more precise a state from south of the Yellow River, the state of Chu.
China’s famous Yellow River.
– Jahan Choudhry
This is the third part in a series on the history of gold.
To read part 1, click here.
To read part 2, click here.
Gold has been with us for thousands of years. We have already seen in the previous articles that gold is used for self-adornment in the form of jewellery which serves visual purposes of beautification, and more practical uses when it is used for medical purposes such as to treat arthritis, cancer and other medical problems.
Gold is more omnipresent than we think as it is used in electronic products including the different cell phones that most of us use. By this I do not mean the external cases or frames of cell phone handsets but rather internal components.
A Nokia cell phone handset made out of gold.
These internal components of cell phones include such things as switches, connectors and so forth.
Many modern cellphones are in effect nothing more than mini-computers and are far more advanced than computers not only of the 1950s and 60s but even as recently as the 1990s so it is no surprise to know that gold is used for electrical purposes in computers and laptops including in the CPU and motherboard.
A heavily golden computer CPU chip.
A computer motherboard consisting of gold.
In addition to this gold is used in aerospace technology, construction of buildings, glassmaking and other sectors.
So gold is much more than a material for a person to look more beautiful but has many other purposes and serves many other important functions including in, our ever more digitalized and IT-based world, cell phones and computers. As far as current knowledge shows us the earliest use of gold was in the middle east thousands of years ago. Did the workmen who first make the golden jewellery of the ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamia ever realize that the metal that they were using would one day be used for such a diversity of different functions.
– Jahan Choudhry
This post of mine (one of the 34 which I have set as a target for myself this month) will be a bit more technical than other blogs I have written. However I believe that as we are living in a more and more digital age all of us should become more and more familiar with technology and the online world. In my previous blog I spoke about how I planned to change from wordpress.com to wordpress.org, which has partially been done already as all of my blogs have been transferred over to wordpress.org and are now in my other blog: http://jewelleryica.com which in the near future will become my main site.
Let me explain how to transfer wordpress.com files over to a wordpress.org blog.
What is wordpress.com and what is wordpress.org?
First of all let me just remind everybody what this means. WordPress.com is a free site where wordpress.com manages a lot of things for you, however you can not do things such as have adverts or little applications (“plugins”) which allow you to do so many things. Moreover you do not even own the site and it is still the property of WordPress.com, who if they wish to could even close your blog.
WordPress.org is basically the same in terms of writing articles and blogs, but first of all you own it and secondly you can add “plugins” and monetize your site by putting up adverts from other companies if you so wished to. WordPress.org allows you to make money, WordPress.com doesn’t.
I have covered this in the previous blog which I mentioned above. What I want to focus on now is a technical issue.
1. Click on “Tools”.
What you do in your WordPress.com blog is you go to your dashboard i.e your admin or back end. You click on “Tools” on the left hand side, just below “Users” and above “Settings”.
2. After you click on “Tools”, you then click on “export”.
Export means that you are going to create a file which stores all of your blogs and other content and which can then be transferred or “exported” over to your WordPress.org site.
You then save the “export file” on your hard drive.
The mistake I made, and which I do not want others to make was this. When the screen showed the words “Choose what to export”, I selected “All content” (see the image below), which though it transferred all my pictures over to Jewelleryica did not more importantly transfer (“export”) all my posts!
My export file was only 1,160 kb (kilobites) which is virtually nothing. I even asked my hosting company for support but they could not provide the answer. Eventually I figured out what the problem was and that was I should export all my posts step by step i.e. all the posts for each month, and it worked. Below is an image of the right way, click to see the image.
3. Import on WordPress.org
You then go to your WordPress.org site and click on the “Import” button (in green in the image below) which is on Tools as well, and then after that you click on “WordPress” (in red in the picture beneath) as your importer, as you can see in the following image.
Then follow the procedures that appear on the screen. I was able to export (transfer) my roughly 60 blogs from my WordPress.com blog to Jewelleryica.In fact it is most likely that most people who read this blog in the future will be reading it on Jewelleryica.
The official WordPress webpage explaining how to do everything is here. Though it is good it did not help me with the problem that I encountered, which I am sharing with my readers. If anybody has any questions please feel free to email me at: email@example.com
This is my 4th post in February out of a total of 34. I have 20 days left to write 30 more blogs. Do you think I can do it? Am I someone who can lead by example, talk about hard work and achieving success and actually practise it? Well we can all see, as this blog is very transparent and will allow you to see how much I am able to accomplish my targets. Thank you for reading this 780 word blog.
– Jahan Choudhry